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Summary

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Summary

From December 1959 until 1984, 93 340 people in Japan Koreans were 0 shares returned to North Korea by the false propaganda business called 'paradise on earth' DPRK and Chongryon in.

Overview

Returned home business in August 1958, due to the agreement between North Korea and the Red Cross Society Japanese Red Cross Society in India ∙ Kolkata, during the period from December 14, 1959 to 1984, of the 93,340 people Koreans in Japan is North Korea It sent out to. People who went to North Korea in two years from the start of the current fiscal (1958-1961) was up to 74,900 people, corresponding to the whole about 80%.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

North Korea is in the initial stages of return business, and the end of the post-war restoration business, set a'Chisato horse (Chonrima) movement' from the late 1950s, a time that has entered the growth stage by the mass mobilization policy, it began in 1957 It was a time that was ahead of the end of the first five-year plan. For these reasons, in North Korea, it is believed to have needed a lot of workers. In addition, the Korean government at the time, because it was the midst of the Korea-Japan negotiations for the Korea-Japan normalization of diplomatic relations, did not Uchidase a specific policy against Koreans in Japan. Talks aimed at Korea-Japan normalization of diplomatic relations, beginning in October 1951 and the main issue is, apology and compensation for the colonial rule, was things like agreements permanent residency and deportation. Japan, Koreans in Japan but people was also speculation that want to emigrate to South Korea, and Syngman Rhee government, not bounced back from the devastation caused by the Korean War, for had the excess population in the center of the rural areas, in Japan it was reluctant to accept Koreans. On the other hand, subsidies for the Koreans in Japan by the Japanese government, since it has become a major financial burden for the Japanese government at the time, what return home business has determined that it is appropriate way to solve the financial problems. According to the statistics of 1956, the number of Koreans in Japan of welfare subjects, reached about 90,000 people (90% of the total foreign), support amount that was also up to the year 200 million yen. For these reasons, in the negotiation of the Korea-Japan normalization of diplomatic relations, rather than the return issue, agreement permanent residency issues that Koreans in Japan to be able to residents in Japan it has become the agenda. After all, the Japanese government, was supposed to push the return business required by the North Korea.

COURSE

The impetus of return business in August 1958, Koreans in Japan who lived in Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture is that it was that you would like to return home population. This Chongryon is 'collective return movement' of Koreans in Japan centered on the went raised to opportunity. In contrast North Korea, September 16, through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs statement, they expressed their acceptance of Koreans in Japan. In addition, in November of the same year, including the Communist Party and the Socialist Party of Japan, political parties and organizations representative of about 80 people gathered, formed a 'Koreans return home cooperation meeting'. Then, following the Geneva talks in April 1959 in the August of the same year, in India ∙ Kolkata between the Japanese Red Cross Society and the North Korean Red Cross Society, 'Koreans return home agreement' has been signed. Return home business began from December of the same year. Over December 1959 93,340 people by propelled return home business is North Korea for a long time until 1984, about 74,900 of Koreans in Japan corresponding to the entire 80 percent in just the first two years was to return home. Although the three years from 1968 is interrupted return home business temporary, will resume in 1971, then 15 years, also about 4,700 Koreans in Japan people have returned home. Among them it was included 1831 people of Japanese wife.

RESULT

After that, the remaining Koreans in Japan, visited North Korea, but was able to meet the family, from the fact that the Japanese government 2006 decided to sanctions against North Korea, the Koreans in Japan North Korea visit became difficult. On the other hand, due to the Korea-Japan normalization of diplomatic relations in 1965, but an increasing number of Koreans in Japan to change in South Korean citizens from Korean nationals, Koreans in Japan who have a family that went to North Korea, the damage to the family concerned that span, rather than the South Korean citizens, but rather changes in the Japanese flag. Also, in the Japanese wife of 1,831, although Japan (home) visits by some of the people has been realized, still the majority of Japanese wife may not come back to Japan, it has been raised as a humanitarian issue. Koreans who went to North Korea, political, economic, social, and discriminated against in any other field of, in it, sent to the concentration camp shortly after returning home by the accused or the like of Chongryon Some people were. In addition, and people who starved to death by poverty, that are a lot of people who committed suicide by mental illness. These North Korean status quo with respect to North Korea's investigation committee on Human Rights of the United Nations in February 2014, issued a final report that concluded that crimes against humanity to return home problem.







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